The world literature on providing instruction for various disciplines without resorting to live animals is abundant. An attempt has been made to list only a few potentially key examples. They may not have direct applicability, but might still be of interest to those wishing to learn more about the subject. The list is arranged alphabetically. In most cases, the title of the publication is descriptive; if not, a short description is provided. If you are aware of other articles you believe to be important to include here, please send the citation(s) to HEVM for consideration.
The titles are linked either to a publicly available copy of the document or to a digital object identifier.
- The Use of Animals in Higher Education: Problems, Alternatives, & Recommendations
- The potential of humane teaching methods within veterinary and other biomedical education
- Conscientious objection to harmful animal use within veterinary and other biomedical education
- Bachinski, Róber; Alves, Gutemberg; de Almeida Souza, Mariângela Freitas; Bones, Vanessa Carli; de Cassia Maria Garcia, Rita; Gebara, Rosangela; Ruiz, Valeska Regina Reque; da Silva Alonso, Luciano; Tréz, Thales; Oliveira, Simone Tostes; Rocha, Alexandro Aluisio; Paixão, Rita Leal; Klein, Roseli Pizzigatti; Gasparetto, Débora; Jukes, Nick and Matera, Júlia Maria 2017 On the journey toward humane education in Brazil: First request for a total ban of harmful animal use in professional and higher education Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 45(5):287-293
- Describes effort to eliminate harmful use of animals in Brazil’s higher education institutions, including veterinary medical schools.
- Balcombe, Jonathan 2000 The Use of Animals in Higher Education: Problems, Alternatives, & Recommendations 104 pp Washington, DC: Humane Society Press
The aim of this monograph is to present a comprehensive examination of the issue of animal use in education from an ethical and humane perspective. … It covers animal use in middle and high school, in college and graduate education, and in advanced training in medical and veterinary school. The emphasis, however, is on those grades in which animal use is greatest: the secondary and undergraduate levels.
- Mostly about secondary school and undergraduate college or university.
- Deguchi, Bernardo G.F.; Molento, Carla F.M. and de Souza, Carlos E.P. 2012 The perception of students on the use of animals in higher education at the Federal University of Paraná, Southern Brazil Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 40(2):83-90
- Elzaabalawy, Sofia I.; Abdelbaki, Mohamed A.; Abdelhakim, Angham I.; Alamir, Walaa M.; Elsayed, Mohammed O.; Erian, Mark M.; Hameda, Ahmed M.; Jukes, Nick; Mahdi, Hany M.; Roshdy, Mina A. and Shaheen, Mai A. 2011 Alternatives outreach and a new student movement for humane veterinary education and practice in Egypt Altex Proceedings 1/12:387-393
- Hart, Lynette A.; Wood, Mary W. and Weng, Hsin-Yi 2005 Mainstreaming alternatives in veterinary medical education: Resource development and curricular reform Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4):473-480
- Jukes, Nick and Martinsen, Siri 2006 Ethical and effective acquisition of knowledge and skills in veterinary education and training Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 12(1):7-24
- Kneebone, Roger and Baillie, Sarah 2008 Contextualized simulation and procedural skills: A view from medical education Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 35(4):595-598
Patient-focused simulation (the combination of a simulated patient with an inanimate simulator or item of medical equipment) allows clinical procedures to be practiced and assessed within realistic scenarios that recreate clinical challenges by placing a real person at the center of the encounter.
- Obtain a copy from: ResearchGate
- Knight, Andrew 2008 Humane teaching methods prove efficacious within veterinary and other biomedical education Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14:213-220
- Knight, Andrew 2012 The potential of humane teaching methods within veterinary and other biomedical education Altex Proceedings 1(12):365-375
An overview of the various types of humane teaching methods, with numerous pictures, and of the published educational studies examining their efficacy.
- Knight, Andrew 2014 Conscientious objection to harmful animal use within veterinary and other biomedical education Animals 4(1):16-34
…this paper provides pertinent information about the evolution of conscientious objection policies within Australian veterinary schools, and about the jurisprudential bases for conscientious objection within Australia and the USA.
- Lee, Gwi Hyang; Choe, Byung In; Kim, Jin Suk; Hart, Lynette A. and Han, Jin Soo 2010 The current status of animal use and alternatives in Korean veterinary medical schools Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 38(3):221-230
- Martinsen, Siri and Jukes, Nick 2005 Towards a humane veterinary education Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4):454-460
- Martinsen, Siri and Smith, Adrian. 2005. “Norwegian veterinary training based on animal alternatives.” ALTEX 22(1/05):27
- Describes one student’s determination and steps taken to get as humane an education as possible at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science.
- Noyes, Julie A.; Carbonneau, Kira J.; Gotch, Chad M. and Matthew, Susan M. 2020 Is a picture worth a thousand words? Evaluating the design of instructional animations in veterinary education Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 47(1):69-77
- Patronek, Gary J. and Rauch, Annette 2007 Systematic review of comparative studies examining alternatives to the harmful use of animals in biomedical education Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 230(1):37-43
- Phillips, Clive J.C.; Çöl, Ramazan; I·zmirli, Serdar and Verrinder, Joy M. 2020 Comparison of the moral sensitivity, judgment, and actions of Australian and Turkish veterinary students in relation to animal ethics issues Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 47(1):8-17
- Ruiz, Liliana 2011 Alternatives to animal testing in veterinary education in Mexico Altex Proceedings 1/12:415-417
- Shivley, Chelsey B.; Garry, Franklyn B.; Kogan, Lori R. and Grandin, Temple 2016 Survey of animal welfare, animal behavior, and animal ethics courses in the curricula of AVMA Council on Education-accredited veterinary colleges and schools Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 248(10):1165-1170
Results suggested that AVMA COE-accredited institutions need to provide more formal education on animal welfare, behavior, and ethics so veterinarians can be advocates for animals and assist with behavioral challenges.
- Tiplady, Catherine 2012 Animal use in veterinary education — The need for a fourth R: Respect Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 40(5):P5-P6
- Valliyate, M.; Robinson, N.G. and Goodman, J.R. 2012 Current concepts in simulation and other alternatives for veterinary education: a review Veterinární Medicína 57(7):325-337
- Wood, Mary W.; Hart, Lynette A. and Weng, Hsin-Yi 2005 Effective bibliographic searching for animal alternatives in veterinary medical education: The UC Davis Web site Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4):468-472
- Not on alternatives themselves, rather how best for educators to find them.