The world literature on providing instruction for various disciplines without resorting to live animals is abundant. An attempt has been made to list only a few potentially key examples. They may not have direct applicability, but might still be of interest to those wishing to learn more about the subject. The list is arranged alphabetically. In most cases, the title of the publication is descriptive; if not, a short description is provided. If you are aware of other articles you believe to be important to include here, please send the citation(s) to HEVM for consideration.
The titles are linked either to a publicly available copy of the document or to a digital object identifier. In the latter case, information is provided about how to obtain a copy from other sources or from HEVM if to be used only for educational purposes.
- Bachinski, Róber; Alves, Gutemberg; de Almeida Souza, Mariângela Freitas; Bones, Vanessa Carli; de Cassia Maria Garcia, Rita; Gebara, Rosangela; Ruiz, Valeska Regina Reque; da Silva Alonso, Luciano; Tréz, Thales; Oliveira, Simone Tostes; Rocha, Alexandro Aluisio; Paixão, Rita Leal; Klein, Roseli Pizzigatti; Gasparetto, Débora; Jukes, Nick and Matera, Júlia Maria. 2017. “On the journey toward humane education in Brazil: First request for a total ban of harmful animal use in professional and higher education.” Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 45(5):287-293.
- Describes effort to eliminate harmful use of animals in Brazil’s higher education institutions, including veterinary medical schools.
- Deguchi, Bernardo G.F.; Molento, Carla F.M. and de Souza, Carlos E.P. 2012. “The perception of students on the use of animals in higher education at the Federal University of Paraná, Southern Brazil.” Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 40(2):83-90.
- Elzaabalawy, Sofia I.; Abdelbaki, Mohamed A.; Abdelhakim, Angham I.; Alamir, Walaa M.; Elsayed, Mohammed O.; Erian, Mark M.; Hameda, Ahmed M.; Jukes, Nick; Mahdi, Hany M.; Roshdy, Mina A. and Shaheen, Mai A. 2011. “Alternatives outreach and a new student movement for humane veterinary education and practice in Egypt.” Altex Proceedings 1/12:387-393.
- Hart, Lynette A.; Wood, Mary W. and Weng, Hsin-Yi. 2005. “Mainstreaming alternatives in veterinary medical education: Resource development and curricular reform.” Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4):473-480.
- Jukes, Nick and Martinsen, Siri. 2006. “Ethical and effective acquisition of knowledge and skills in veterinary education and training.” Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 12(1):7-24.
- Kneebone, Roger and Baillie, Sarah. 2008. “Contextualized simulation and procedural skills: A view from medical education.” Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 35(4):595-598.
Patient-focused simulation (the combination of a simulated patient with an inanimate simulator or item of medical equipment) allows clinical procedures to be practiced and assessed within realistic scenarios that recreate clinical challenges by placing a real person at the center of the encounter.
- Knight, Andrew. 2008. “Humane teaching methods prove efficacious within veterinary and other biomedical education.” Alternatives to Animal Testing and Experimentation 14:213-220.
- Lee, Gwi Hyang; Choe, Byung In; Kim, Jin Suk; Hart, Lynette A. and Han, Jin Soo. 2010. “The current status of animal use and alternatives in Korean veterinary medical schools.” Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 38(3):221-230.
- Martinsen, Siri and Jukes, Nick. 2005. “Towards a humane veterinary education.” Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4):454-460.
- Martinsen, Siri and Smith, Adrian. 2005. “Norwegian veterinary training based on animal alternatives.” ALTEX 22(1/05):27.
- Describes one student’s determination and steps taken to get as humane an education as possible at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science.
- Patronek, Gary J. and Rauch, Annette. 2007. “Systematic review of comparative studies examining alternatives to the harmful use of animals in biomedical education.” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 230(1):37-43.
- Ruiz, Liliana. 2011. “Alternatives to animal testing in veterinary education in Mexico.” Altex Proceedings 1/12:415-417.
- Shivley, Chelsey B.; Garry, Franklyn B.; Kogan, Lori R. and Grandin, Temple. 2016. “Survey of animal welfare, animal behavior, and animal ethics courses in the curricula of AVMA Council on Education-accredited veterinary colleges and schools.” Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 248(10):1165-1170.
Results suggested that AVMA COE-accredited institutions need to provide more formal education on animal welfare, behavior, and ethics so veterinarians can be advocates for animals and assist with behavioral challenges.
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- Tiplady, Catherine. 2012-10-01. “Animal use in veterinary education — The need for a fourth R: Respect.” Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 40(5):P5-P6.
- Valliyate, M.; Robinson, N.G. and Goodman, J.R. 2012. “Current concepts in simulation and other alternatives for veterinary education: a review.” Veterinární Medicína 57(7):325-337.
- Wood, Mary W.; Hart, Lynette A. and Weng, Hsin-Yi. 2005. “Effective bibliographic searching for animal alternatives in veterinary medical education: The UC Davis Web site.” Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 32(4):468-472.