Following the list of specific alternatives, there is a section on literature that either explains or evaluates the alternatives or provides additional information on the subject of anesthesia instruction.

If you are aware of other examples you believe to be important to include here, please send the information to HEVM for consideration.

New addition:

Teaching veterinary anesthesia: A survey-based evaluation of two high-fidelity models and live-animal experience for undergraduate veterinary students

Human patient simulator

Use of human patient simulator by Modell et al, 2002
Use of human patient simulator by Modell et al, 2002
  • Modell et al, 2014 used a human patient simulator from CAE Healthcare to train veterinary medical students in anesthesia and complications that may occur. They concluded that …the human patient simulator was a valuable learning tool for students of veterinary medicine. It was exciting for the students to work with, made them deal with ‘real-life’ scenarios, permitted them to learn without subjecting live patients to complications, enabled them to retrace their steps when their therapy did not correct the simulated patient’s problems, and facilitated correlation of their basic science knowledge with clinical data, thus accelerating their ability to handle complex clinical problems in healthy and diseased patients.

Virtual Ventilator

Virtual Ventilator by Dr. R.D. Keegan
Virtual Ventilator by Dr. R.D. Keegan
  • Developed by Dr. R.D. Keegan at Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine. The reactive computer simulation provides initial training that has been shown to prepare students for live animal experience better than traditional labs. You can contact Dr. Keegan directly for more information. He and his colleagues have published an evaluation report in Keegan et al, 2012.

The following includes literature cited above or which is relevant to training in anesthesia. The titles are linked either to a publicly available copy of the document or to a digital object identifier. In the latter case, information is provided about how to obtain a copy from other sources or from HEVM if to be used only for educational purposes.

Updated 2017-12-07